Axillary Staging of Breast Cancer
This activity focuses on the imaging of the axilla in patients with breast cancer and the appearance of nor¬mal and abnormal nodes.
The aim of this activity is to update the knowledge of practitioners on Axillary Staging of Breast Cancer.
This article presents an overview of the preoperative imaging of the axilla in patients with early stage breast cancer. It also covers the anatomy of the axilla and the findings, technique, and percutaneous node sampling. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique and findings are discussed and compared with computed tomography (CT) and radionuclide imaging. The characteristics of the current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system are also presented.
Upon completion of this module practitioners should have a clear understanding of:
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) as a method to exclude axillary metastases.
- Metastases to the internal mammary nodes.
- The image appearance of normal axillary lymph nodes.
- The gross morphologic criteria used in the current staging scheme that are important for all radiologists to know.
- The technique used for US examination of the axilla.
Instruction for this Module
- Read the supplied reading material and complete the quiz at the end
- You need to pass the quiz and complete the course rating to generate the module certificate at the end
- You have three attempts to pass the quiz
- The pass grade is 70%
- Please click on the CPD certificate link to claim your certificate and to update your CPD Manager
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